Wow it's a scorcher!

June 26, 2018

OK, we're Brits and we love to talk about the weather and it been an amazing summer so far and I'm sat here writing this in 30 degree heat. 

 

Whilst it's great to have the sun out and high temperatures it can cause us some issues if we aren't careful.

 

With the heat we generally have three things to worry about, Sunburn, Heat Exhaustion, and Heat Stroke. 

 

Over the next couple of days we will have a look at all three, so let's start with Heat Exhaustion.

 

Heat exhaustion is not serious and usually gets better when you cool down. If it turns into heat stroke it needs to be treated as an emergency.

 

 

 Things to look for:

  • headache

  • dizziness and confusion

  • loss of appetite and feeling sick

  • excessive sweating and pale, clammy skin

  • cramps in the arms, legs and stomach

  • fast breathing or pulse

  • temperature of 38C or above

  • intense thirst

  • The symptoms are often the same in adults and children, although children may become floppy and sleepy.

    If someone is showing signs of heat exhaustion they need to be cooled down.

 

Things you can do to cool someone down:

 

Follow these 4 steps:

  • Move them to a cool place.

  • Get them to lie down and raise their feet slightly.

  • Get them to drink plenty of water. Sports or rehydration drinks are OK.

  • Cool their skin – spray or sponge them with cool water and fan them. Cold packs around the armpits or neck are good too.

  • Stay with them until they are better.

     

They should start to cool down and feel better within 30 minutes.

 

Call 999 if the person:

  • is no better after 30 minutes

  • feels hot and dry

  • is not sweating even though they are too hot

  • has a temperature that's risen to 40C or above

  • has rapid or shortness of breath

  • is confused

  • has a fit (seizure)

  • loses consciousness

  • is unresponsive

These can be signs of heat stroke.

 

Preventing heat exhaustion:

 

There is a high risk of heat exhaustion during hot weather or exercise.

To help prevent heat exhaustion:

  • drink plenty of cold drinks, especially when exercising

  • take cool baths or showers

  • wear light-coloured, loose clothing

  • sprinkle water over skin or clothes

  • avoid the sun between 11am and 3pm

  • avoid excess alcohol

  • avoid extreme exercise

This will also prevent dehydration and help your body keep itself cool.

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